Theme pages

The themepages offer insight into different aspects of life of the indegenous peoples of West Papua.

Amungme: Mountain Papuans deprived of their land

de Grasberg-mijnThe Amungme population  consists of  a population of about 13000 people in the Indonesian province of  Papua.  Under the Dutch they used to live in 17 valleys on the southern flanks of the Central Mountain Plateau of Former Dutch New Guinea. They were hunter gatherers who also had rotating gardens and they were totally self-sufficient. These days many Amungme live elsewhere as they have been chased of their land but they are still very attached to the land of their forefathers and they consider the surrounding mountains to be sacred.

New-Guinea during World War II

Militairen lopen onder boog Nederland zal herrijzenDutch New Guinea becomes involved in World War II in 1942.  On 7 December 1941, Japan attacks several targets simultaneously. The best known is the attack on Pearl Harbour (Hawai), in which the American fleet was severely damaged. The Japanese invasion of Australian and Dutch New Guinea lasts from November 1941 until April 1942. The take-over happens in record time  because there are very few battalions of the Royal Dutch Army in the East Indies (KNIL) in New Guinea at the time.

Renaissance of Kamoro Culture

Kamoro demonstreren houtsnijkunstAn elongated stretch of land along the south-west coast of New Guinea (Papua) is the home ground of the Kamoro. Adapting to the shifting tides, this semi-nomadic tribes live in various places along the coast from FakFak to Merauke. But as is the case every where, the modern world has infiltrated their lives. The American mining company Freeport which operates in this area, has led to the Kamoro becoming a minority within their own territory. Logging companies have also moved in and large pieces of land were confiscated for Indonesian migrants without informing the locals or obtaining their approval.

Head Hunting on the South Coast

In 1957 the first contact was made along the Casuary Coast by a medical patrol. The hundred kilometre coast and the stroke of land situated inland from the coast were in those days regarded as one of the wildest areas of Papua New Guinea. Doctor Willem Visser, was one of the members of the expedition into this area. An expedition which was certainly not without danger. “ With this sort of work one never knows, whether or not arrows will fly, or if sago is going to be offered as a sign of friendship when a population of head hunters and men eaters first come into contact with white men in their enormous ship”

Bird of Paradise: Dancer of the jungle

The male bird of paradise with its strikingly colourful plumage is an amazing spectacle in the jungle of New Guinea jungle. In the mating season, its bright red, yellow and blue feathers stand out against the green of the rainforest. This special bird belongs to one of the most beautiful in the world and it has inspired many an artist. Papuan peoples, on in the Indonesian part of the island and n Papua New Guinea (PNG), still use the

Military Expeditions in New Guinea

De militaire exploratie van Nieuw-GuineaIn the early 20th Century, Dutch authority in the western half of New Guinea is negligible and superficially established in areas located along the coast. The government consultant for overseas areas in the Dutch East Indies, Hendrik Colijn, who  became Prime Minister of the Netherlands in August 1925, presents a plan in 1906 for military detachments to start exploring the  interior of Dutch New Guinea.

DETA Boys in Hollandia after the war

 A memorial, along the road between Jayapura and Lake Sentani, was unveiled onontwerpers en makers DETA-monument 18 November 2004 to commemorate the first DETA-men who arrived on New Guinea soil 55 years ago. The memorial was created by former DETA-men Daan Sahetapy, Nico van Balgooij and Ruud Tomasow. Just before the transfer of  the Dutch East on 27 December 1949, the Dutch Government engaged more than  a 1000 young men of Dutch-Indonesian heritage.

The disappearance of Michael Rockefeller

On November 18, 1961 the wooden catamaran of recently graduated American student Michael Clark Rockefeller capsized on a journey between the coastal villages of Agats and Atsj in south New Guinea due to huge waves on the Arafura Sea. Michael took the decision to swim ashore in order to fetch help. However, in Papua the swampy shore line is infested with alligators. 

Pre-historic drawings

Little is known about prehistoric times in former Dutch New Guinea. Because of the inhospitablerotsbeschildering landscape and fast growing vegetation in the rainforests, only a  few traces of the past remain. The semi-nomadic lifestyle of the indigenous people does not leave much evidence to go on either. The first inhabitants of New Guinea  are thought to have migrated to this island via South-east Asia around 50.000 years ago. It is possible to form an impression  of the timeframe from the beginning of the megalithic period, 30.000 to 40.000 BC.